Many of us take our eyes and vision for granted and it surprises many people to learn that attending comprehensive eye exams are an important part of your overall preventative care. Not only can eye exams reveal just how clear your vision is but can also detect general health problems that you may not currently be aware of. Systemic disease, like diabetes or high blood pressure, can also cause damage to the eyes and symptoms often show up in the eyes before elsewhere. Medical conditions that affect the eyes are largely progressive in nature and the earlier they are identified and treated, the less damage they will have the opportunity to cause. In some cases, this can even prevent sight loss. Anyone who has been diagnosed with diabetes or high blood pressure should have an eye examination yearly including a dilated retinal evaluation.
We are as committed to your vision care and are pleased to be able to offer our patients a comprehensive eye exam service, alongside contact lens exams for those patients that are interested in utilizing this solution to refractive eye errors.
A comprehensive eye exam is an assessment of how clear your eyesight is as well as a check of the ocular anatomy and function. It also provides us with a clear picture of how healthy your eyes are and determines what prescription may be needed to allow you to see clearly.
Some of the things that you can expect include:
- A consultation to discuss your medical and visual history (if this is your first visit to us), as well as finding out more about any problems or symptoms that you have experienced and/or how your vision has changed.
- A visual acuity test to check how clearly you can see objects and letters at different distances.
- A refraction to determine if you need prescription eyewear.
- Measurement of your intraocular pressure, which is an indicator of glaucoma.
- A visual field test to screen your peripheral vision function.
- An assessment of the front part of your eye including the cornea, lens, lids and tear film.
- Retinal examination using various lenses to get a magnified detailed look at your retina, optic nerve, and blood vessels. This may include dilation of the eyes to obtain the most comprehensive view of the internal ocular structures.
If you are found to have a refractive eye error, such as myopia or astigmatism that requires you to use prescription lenses to see clearly, the next steps will be discussed with you. If you are interested in wearing contact lenses, you will be measured for a contact lens fitting, or scheduled for a contact lens class if you have never worn contact lenses before.
If any abnormalities or concerns are found on the ocular exam, further testing or referrals will be discussed.
Contact lenses are medical devices placed directly on the eye and make contact with the corneal tissue. The prescription needed to enable you to see clearly with contact lenses is different from the glasses prescription.
Patients with ocular allergies or with serious corneal abnormalities may find some types of contacts difficult or painful to wear. Contact lens interaction with the tear film can also affect conditions such as dry eye. Therefore multiple contact lenses may need to be tried before the best lens is prescribed.
Contact lens exams are given to patients who have expressed a serious interest in using contact lenses either in addition to or instead of prescription glasses. A contact lens fitting includes more specialized testing to help your eye doctor decide which contact lenses will be most appropriate to correct your vision based on your individual requirements. If you have never worn contact lenses before, you will nee a contact lens class in addition to the fitting to make sure that your lenses are comfortable for you to wear, and that you can manage to place and remove them without difficulty.
Some of the things that you can expect to happen in your contact lens exam include:
- An assessment of the curve of your cornea which will be used to determine the best size of contact lens to fit your eye.
- Measurements of the size of your iris/pupil will be taken.
- An evaluation of how much tear film your eyes produce. This is important since tear film lubricates your eyes and keeps them healthy and your contacts comfortable.
The results of these assessments will enable our team to make an accurate recommendation for the best contact lenses to provide clear vision and a healthy ocular surface.
If you would like more information about what to expect from the comprehensive eye or contact lens exams, or if you are ready to schedule an appointment for your eyes to be assessed by our expert team, please get in touch with our offices in State College, PA.